August 9, Photo credit: However, greater inequality is associated with reduced job satisfaction among women. The new findings have been published in the journal Psychological Science.
This paper considers the proposition that women experience higher levels of job satisfaction than their male counterparts. It explains some of the inconsistencies surrounding previous research by highlighting important job aspects in relation to gender while accounting for varying occupational levels, education and employment status.
The essay is divided into three parts, firstly evidence is provided in support of the proposition using two main arguments. Following is evidence in opposition, this to will involve two lines of argument. The third part of the essay provides a neutral perspective on the subject offering an international point of view.
The essay concludes that it is not gender itself but the factors behind gender that influence job satisfaction. The evidence in favour of greater job satisfaction levels amongst women falls into two categories: Firstly, their job expectations and secondly, the type of employment they choose, in this case temporary agency employment.
We will write a custom essay sample on Women Have Greater Job Satisfaction Than Men or any similar topic only for you Order now Clark supports the proposition by suggesting that those who expect less from their work will be satisfied with any given job.
Clark highlighted salary as being one of the most consistent findings, describing a sizable difference between the pay of men compared to that of women. Research conducted by Alentaris indicates that while men have lower job satisfaction levels when they are employed through a temporary agency than when they are not, women are just as satisfied with agency work as other women.
This could be attributed to different aspects of agency work that effect women differently to men. It could be assumed that an increase in wages would equate to an increase in job satisfaction but this may not necessarily be true, as women may be dissatisfied with the characteristics of jobs that provide higher wages, for example bureaucracy, and therefore opt for temporary employment to avoid such characteristics.
Stress could be another aspect to consider as women may choose less stressful roles in return for lesser wages. Finally, males may value their jobs more than women; this could lead to greater job dissatisfaction given the nature of temporary employment.
Contrary to the above, evidence against the proposition can be divided into two main categories, firstly, women and prestigious careers, and secondly, women and their attitudes towards job characteristics.
Earlier studies have indicated that women with prestigious careers experience higher levels of job satisfaction Weaver, As high status positions carry power, people are more likely to share power with those they trust, hence there is a greater chance that men and women would be similar and carry similar expectations at the top of the occupational spectrum than the bottom.
Research conducted by Chiu analysed a sample of three hundred and twenty-six lawyers, concluding that women experienced lower levels of job satisfaction than men.
Four specific factors related to job satisfaction were attributed to these findings, these included; promotional opportunity, financial rewards, non-competitive atmosphere and time. Of these the most important was considered to be financial reward as it is often reported that women have lower job expectations and therefore accept lower salaries than men.
This most certainly paves the way for future research into this area of gender and job satisfaction. This view was tested using young, recent university graduates in Catalonia with findings that supported the hypothesis.
In areas such as job security, promotional possibilities and earnings women were found to have lower job satisfaction levels than men. This could be as a result of two factors.
Firstly, men and women have different personality traits, experiences and expectations and it is safe to assume that the manner in which women and men transform their objective situations, in this case their jobs, into a subjective evaluation, represented by there level of job satisfaction can vary between the genders.
Mora and Ferrer-i-Carbonell suggests that as previous studies have highlighted that the job satisfaction gender gap occurred as a result of lower female job expectations, young highly educated women tend to have higher expectations than samples from the general population.
Research conducted by Sousa-Poza and Sousa-Poza set out to establish whether these findings were international or confined only to the United States and Britain. One possible explanation for this phenomenon is the higher work-role outputs of women in these countries compared to men.
In addition, in all four of these countries men display higher work-role inputs than women. On the basis of this evidence I conclude that there are numerous complexities in the debate over job satisfaction and gender. So much so that it is not gender itself but the factors behind gender that influence job satisfaction.
The cases presented in this essay provide clear evidence in support of the argument given that so much emphasis is placed upon job expectations, in particular the level of expectation.
It is also important to consider prestige and education when investigating the gender gaps in job satisfaction as attitudes change depending on ones education and position in the labour market.Job satisfaction and gender: Why are women so happy at work?
in the ordered probit regressions are associated with a higher estimated probability that the individual reports job satisfaction of greater than level i (see Greene, ). Choosing pay or promotion as the first most important aspect of a job has a much larger negative effect.
As women’s participation in the workforce steadily increases, so to has the amount of literature examining women’s attitudes towards employment and more specifically job satisfaction. Do Professional Women Have Lower Job Satisfaction Than Professional Men? Lawyers as a Case Study1 Charlotte Chiu2 University of California‚ Berkeley A central paradox in studies of gender and job satisfaction is why women’s job satisfaction is not lower than men’s‚ given that women’s jobs are .
include that the youngest and oldest workers have greater job satisfaction (Clark et al., ), that women have greater job satisfaction than men in the United States and United Kingdom (Clark, ; Sousa-Poza and Sousa-Poza, ).
As women’s participation in the workforce steadily increases, so to has the amount of literature examining women’s attitudes towards employment and more specifically job satisfaction. This paper considers the proposition that women experience higher levels of job satisfaction than their male counterparts.
workers have greater job satisfaction (Clark, Oswald and Warr, ), that women have greater job satisfaction in the US and UK (Clark, ; Sousa-Poza and Sousa-Poza, ), that union members have less job satisfaction.