Chapter 2, Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion Part 2 Summary After explaining how popular opinions might be false, Mill makes three further arguments in favor of freedom of opinion.
James Mill, a Scotsman, had been educated at Edinburgh University—taught by, amongst others, Dugald Stewart—and had moved to London inwhere he was to become a friend and prominent ally of Jeremy Bentham and the Philosophical Radicals. For this, at least, it prepared him well. Starting with Greek at age three and Latin at age eight, Mill had absorbed most of the classical canon by age twelve—along with algebra, Euclid, and the major Scottish and English historians.
In his early teenage years, he studied political economy, logic, and calculus, utilising his spare time to digest treatises on experimental science as an amusement. At age fifteen—upon returning from a year-long trip to France, a nation he would eventually call home—he started work on the major treatises of philosophy, psychology and government.
All this was conducted under the strict daily supervision of his father—with young John holding primary responsibility for the education of his siblings Reeves The intensity of study and weight of expectation took its toll.
But he quickly found that his education had not prepared him for life.
Though such episodes were to recur throughout his life, his initial recovery was found in the poetry of the Romantics. Mill particularly valued Wordsworth during this period—though his new interests quickly led him to the work of Coleridge, Carlyle, and Goethe.
His primary philosophic goal became, and would throughout his life remain, to integrate and reconcile these opposing schools of philosophy. This new-found eclecticism also led to productive engagement with, amongst others, Francois Guizot, Auguste Comte, and Tocqueville. Harriet Taylor Kinzer Mill met Harriet at a dinner party inand the two quickly fell in love.
John Taylor died inwith Harriet and Mill marrying in —though not before the perceived scandal had caused a rift between Mill and many of his friends.
Mill felt first-hand the stifling effect of Victorian judgmentalism and oppressive norms of propriety—a subject he would later take up in On Liberty. Mill idolized Harriet, and credited her with virtual co-authorship of many of his works.
She died, however, inwhile Mill and she were travelling through France.
Harriet was buried in Avignon, where Mill subsequently purchased a house close by the cemetery, and lived for the rest of his life. Mill inscribed on her grave that [s]he was the sole earthly delight of those who had the happiness to belong to her.
Mill had taken a position as a junior clerk at aged seventeen, working directly under his father, who had received the post on the basis of his authorship of A History of British India.
John rose through the ranks, eventually holding the position of Chief Examiner of Correspondence—a position roughly equivalent to Undersecretary of State, involving managing dispatches for colonial administration Zastoupil Eric Barendt noted in his comments on a draft of this paper the distinction between insulting speech and offensive speech, arguing that it would be wrong to penalize offensive speech, and that freedom of speech must include the freedom to publish offensive material.
On Liberty Summary. On Liberty is one of Mill’s most famous works and remains the one most read today. In this book, Mill expounds his concept of individual freedom within the context of his ideas on history and the state.
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The free market place an idea of defence of free speech is not only justification offered for free speech. The argument from democracy, the argument from toleration and the argument from equal concern and respect, amongst other.
JS Mill's arguments on the importance of free speech JS Mill's arguments on the importance of free speech Mill was a strong believer of freedom of speech; he had four arguments as to why free speech is an important element of society.
Mill’s On Liberty at Its Legacy for Freedom of Speech & Expression by Adam Thierer on July 10, · 16 comments John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty turns this year.