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Forensic Handwriting Analysis — Expert Introduction to Handwriting Analysis Article In this document, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer, provides an introduction to the science of forensic handwriting analysis. He discusses the steps that a forensic document examiner follows, including analysis, comparison, and evaluation.
He also provides a brief example, comparing two handwriting samples, drawing attention to some of the key differences that a handwriting analyst may utilize in his analysis. The Science of Handwriting Analysis The science of handwriting analysis is based on the premise that no two individuals can produce exactly the same writing and that an individual cannot exactly reproduce his own handwriting, otherwise known as variation.
The Process Handwriting analysis involves a comprehensive comparative analysis between a questioned document and known handwriting of a suspected writer. Specific habits, characteristics, and individualities of both the questioned document and the known specimen are examined for similarities and differences.
Analysis - The first step is to analyze the known writing sample and the unknown writing sample for distinctive characteristics.
The examiner looks for unique qualities such as letters and word spacing, letter and word slant, size and proportionality of letters, unusual formations of letters, flourishes, and other individual attributes. Comparison - The next step is to differentiate elements from the known sample to those of the unknown sample.
The examiner considers spelling, grammar, punctuation, and phraseology as well. Evaluation - The final step is to evaluate the similarities in the known and unknown samples. While differences are a good indication of a non-match, no single similar characteristic, no matter how unique, can determine a match.
Therefore, all likenesses must be considered.
The examiner must make a judgment in each case by evaluating the totality of the documents. Example The handwriting examples below are from two different writers. Structural differences 1 can be seen from the letter formations by each writer. In addition, baseline alignment 4 is considerably unique whereas one writer consistently writes on the baseline and the other repeatedly deviates below the baseline.
ASTM E provides guidance on the scope of work conducted by document examiners, and E specifies minimum training requirements.
Songer has instructed numerous law enforcement officers and civilian examiners in handwriting identification as well as the collection of writing samples.Jun 03, · A version of this article appears in print on, on Page D1 of the New York edition with the headline: What’s Lost as Handwriting Fades.
Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe Related Coverage. Magazine. 10 Signs You Know What Matters. Graphology is the study of all graphic movement- it is not simply "handwriting analysis' " In addition to handwriting, a graphologist studies doodles.
Frits has produced a book, 'Handwriting Analysis at Work' that explains this process in more detail and this is available free of charge to HIG members (read on to find out more!).
Interpretations are attached to the way handwriting is done. Read scores of free articles on graphology. After you have read them, you will begin to see your handwriting differently. I give below the list of latest articles on handwriting analysis Subscribe to RSS headline updates.
Article In this document, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer, provides an introduction to the science of forensic handwriting analysis. He discusses the steps that a forensic document examiner follows, including analysis, comparison, and evaluation.
The following articles have been selected to give readers a snapshot or flavour of various aspects of graphology and are particularly suitable for general interest reading.