While the current Brazilian territory was occupied by Portugal, the land that would become Argentina was colonized by Spain. The legendary strong rivalry between the Iberian countries still has reflections in the South American countries' relations, especially when it comes to our difficulties to integrate. As the South American nations were being formed, they were inheriting this rivalry. Even after the political independence of Brazil and Argentina from Portugal and Spain — in andrespectively — the countries continued their struggle for power in the Southern Cone, especially along the La Plata river Basin.
Name of Brazil It is likely that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwooda tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. Some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots".
This was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees". This area has the largest concentration of prehistoric sites in the Americas.
The indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups e. By the end of the 17th century, sugarcane exports began to decline,  and the discovery of gold by bandeirantes in the s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering a Brazilian Gold Rush  which attracted thousands of new settlers to Brazil from Portugal and all Portuguese colonies around the world.
Inin retaliation for being forced into exile, the Prince Regent ordered the Portuguese conquest of French Guiana. Into justify continuing to live in Brazil, where the royal court had thrived for the prior six years, the Crown established the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarvesthus creating a pluricontinental transatlantic monarchic state.
Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians increased, and the Portuguese Cortesguided by the new political regime imposed by the Liberal Revolution, tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony.
As the new Emperor could not exert his constitutional powers until he became of age, a regency was set up by the National Assembly. These emerged from the dissatisfaction of the provinces with the central power, coupled with old and latent social tensions peculiar to a vast, slaveholding and newly independent nation state.
The Atlantic slave trade was abandoned in as a result of the British Aberdeen Actbut only in May after a long process of internal mobilization and debate for an ethical and legal dismantling of slavery in the countrywas the institution formally abolished.
The early republican government was nothing more than a military dictatorship, with army dominating affairs both at Rio de Janeiro and in the states.
Freedom of the press disappeared and elections were controlled by those in power. The first was the Constitutionalist Revolution inled by the Paulista oligarchy. The second was a Communist uprising in Novemberand the last one a putsch attempt by local fascists in May Brazil remained neutral until Augustwhen the country entered on the allied side  after suffering retaliation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italyin a strategic dispute over the South Atlantic.
Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since Several brief interim governments followed Vargas's suicide.
M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.INTRODUCTION Brazil is the largest country in the South American continent, and it is amongst the 12 largest economies of the world.
It possesses vast natural resources and offers remarkable ecological diversity, majority of its million inhabitants now live in urban areas (Griffiths, A and Wall, S. p ). Introduction Growth picked up in Q1, but remained low Investments recover, but not by much Still could be a long road ahead for consumers Fiscal prudence will likely be the focus Brazil saw modest first-quarter economic growth, but its outlook is cautious.
Among areas that could weigh on growth. Brazil’s has turbulent macroeconomic history. Since the launch of the Plano Real in , Brazil’s macroeconomic environment has become increasingly.
However, more recently growth has disappointed.
The economy started to decline in the ’s and a lot of strikes, an inflation rate of over 75% and the indiscipline of military left Brazil to be reigned by a military government. In , Brazil then began to be ruled by civilians and has remained that way ever since.
An Introduction to the Brazilian Economy. Ethan Benedict. Brazil is a nation roughly the size of the United States, geographically speaking. Yet, from an economic . Brazil: Bolsonaro wins presidency; questions linger over reform details November 6, Jair Bolsonaro will take the reins of Latin America’s largest economy on 1 January, after winning 55% of the vote in the second-round presidential election held on 28 October.